The mutants employed were as follows: syn LD70 , a non-temperature-sensitive mutant defective in the synthesis of cell surface membrane gC; tsF13 , a temperature-sensitive mutant defective in the processing of the precursor form of gB to the mature cell surface form at 39 degrees C; and ts , an immediate early temperature-sensitive mutant defective in the production of all early and late proteins including the glycoproteins. By comparing the relative susceptibility to immunolysis of mouse 3T3 cells infected at 39 degrees C with wild-type virus, presenting the full complement of the glycoprotein antigens, gC, gB, and gD, with target cells infected with mutants presenting only subsets of these antigens, we determined that a major portion of cytolytic antibody contained in hyperimmune anti-herpes simplex virus type 1 KOS mouse antiserum was directed against glycoproteins gC and gB. The absence of the mature cell surface forms of gB and gC in immunogen preparations resulted in a 4- to fold reduction in in virus neutralizing titer. Animals immunized with ts -infected cells 39 degrees C induced relatively little virus-specific cytolytic and neutralizing antibody. Analysis of the glycoprotein specificities of these antisera by radioimmunoprecipitation showed that the antigens immunoprecipitated reflected the viral plasma membrane glycoprotein profiles of the immunogens. The absence of the mature forms of gC or gB in the immunizing preparation did not appreciably affect the immunoprecipitating antibody response to other antigens. Mice immunized with wild-type and mutant virus-infected cells were tested for their resistance to intracranial and intraperitoneal challenge with the highly virulent WAL strain of herpes simplex virus type 1. However, differences in the survival of animals were obtained upon intracranial challenge.
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The tsB5 mutant of herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV-1 strain HFEM was shown previously to be temperature sensitive for accumulation of the mature form of glycoprotein gB, for production or activity of a factor required in virus-induced cell fusion, and for production of virions with normal levels of infectivity. In addition, a previous study showed that virions produced by tsB5 at permissive temperature were more thermolabile than HFEM virions and contained altered gB that did not assume the dimeric conformation characteristic of HFEM. Results presented here demonstrate that, at permissive temperature, tsB5 differs from HFEM in another respect: plaques formed by tsB5 are syncytial on Vero cells but not on HEp-2 cells , whereas plaques formed by HFEM are nonsyncytial on both cell types.
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